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New Educational Policy, 2019 
Date:  8 Nov 2019
Posted By Ayushi Chowdhary

The Ministry of Human Resource Development has issued a blueprint of the New Education Policy, it has been envisioned as a complete draft to transform India education system. It strives to universalize the pre-primary education by 2025 and to render numeracy and literacy for all by 2025.

T.S.R. Subramanian Committee has been assisting with the report and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the K. Kasturirangan Committee has prepared the policy text. Let us discuss more about the policy:

STRUCTURE

A new Structure, for the curriculum, has been suggested with a 5+3+3+4 pattern including the children from ages 3 to 18. Classes 1 to 2 will come under the Pre-Primary stage & will be considered as a foundational Stage. Classes 3-5 will be considered as Preparatory Stage; classes 6-8 will be Middle Stage and classes 9-12 will be considered as Secondary Stage.
The MDHR envisions to provide universal Access and Retention with a 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio for all schools by the year 2030.

LANGUAGES

According to scientific research, it has been found that children detect languages, better from ages 2-8, and multilingualism has a sweeping effect on the cognitive abilities of the students. Hence the MDHR has decided to propose a three-language formula in schools where the classical literature of languages like Pali, Telugu, Persian, Malayalam, Prakrit, Kannada, Tamil and Odia will be taught in schools.

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HIGHER EDUCATION

The MDHR has decided to create an autonomous State School Regulatory Authority (SSRA) which will be responsible for connecting eight hundred universities and forty thousand colleges into approx.15,000 multidisciplinary institutions. They aim to group higher educational institutions into three broad groups:
  • Research Universities
  • Teaching Universities
  • Autonomous degree-granting colleges
It aims to grant autonomy to every higher education institution. Higher education organizations to be administered by autonomous Boards with full academic and administrative freedom called the NFR ( National Research Foundation).

ADMINISTRATION

The NFR will be headed by the Prime Minister and include prominent researchers, educationists, Union Ministers. It will also include representation of CM of States and renowned specialists from multiple fields. MHRD to be re-appointed as the Ministry of Education. There will be an increase in the public investments by the state governments as well as the central government by a percentage of 20%.

DRAWBACKS

  • The policy has not elaborated sufficiently on the structure of the curriculum as well as the training required for the teachers for pre-primary education.
  • According to the draft, the main focus for pre-primary education will be on oral activities. Reading will be focused on during classes 1 to 3 and writing will begin only from classes 4 to 5 which denies data implying that kids should be taught listening, speaking, reading and writing at the same time rather than sequentially.
  • It requires consideration of teacher training to favorably develop foundational literacy in a multilingual country like India. Rather, the draft prescribes enlisting volunteers and members of the community to assist with early literacy.
  • It has misjudged the reasons behind the learning crisis - particularly poor school and teacher liability. There are no significant changes introduced for reconstructing the accountability compositions for schools.
  • With the autonomy of information and availability of technology, the policy should have concentrated more on the teaching technique and not only on what to teach.
  • In developing the study of local languages, the value of English is ignored.
  • The draft does not highlight enough the function and influence of state governments in granting education.
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The new education policy will be a boon to Indian society as it aims to globalize the Indian education system but there are still a few shortcomings that need to be reconsidered. Recommendations for the Draft National Education Policy will be crucial for revamping the Indian education system. For any queries and further assistance please feel free to contact us by visiting our website at mycareeridea.com or call @ 9999613181.

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