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Date:  15 Jun 2020
Posted By - Team

As India is heading towards the paths of growth, there are enormous things changing around us. With new interventions and technology, communication has always been changing its definition. Nowadays, communication has become a most important part of our day to day lives. And has bought a revolution in the mediums of journalism such as newspapers, television and has changed the ways of new broadcasting. We can say that journalism plays a significant role in production and changes in society. The purpose of journalism is to educate, inform and enlighten the nation about events happening around them. With the development of this nation, increase in the number of channels, radio stations and advertising, the gateways of journalism have broadened.


The minimum eligibility for journalism is grade 12 and then one may further take it to either bachelor's degree or else some private education institutes also provide one-year diploma for the same. These programs vary from INR 10,000 to 5 Lacs.

Some types of the bachelor’s degree in this field are as mentioned :

  • BA in Journalism : 3 Years of the undergraduate degree program
  • BA in Journalism and Mass Communication : 3 Years of the undergraduate degree program
  • Bachelor of Journalism : 3 Years of the undergraduate degree program
  • Bachelor of Mass Media and Journalism : 3 Years of the undergraduate degree program
  • Bachelor of Communication and Journalism : 3 Years of undergraduate degree program
  • B.Sc. in Journalism and Mass Communication : 3 Years of undergraduate degree program
  • Bachelor of Mass Media : 3 Years of undergraduate degree program
  • BBA in Mass Communication and Journalism : 3 Years of undergraduate degree program
  • Diploma in Journalism : 1 Year-long Diploma program
After completing the desired program, one can choose the job according to their profile and skills learned.


  • Good writing, editing and research skills
  • Computer skills
  • Interviewing skills
  • Honesty and integrity
  • Time management skills
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Will have to travel a lot
  • Interest in politics and social justice
  • Leadership and team working skills
  • Will to take risks
  • Expressing ideas and opinions

Primarily, journalism is divided into two categories :

Print Media :
This field of journalism is concerned with news agencies, newspapers, magazines and journals. Career options with Print Media:

  • Cartoonist : Artists who are specialised in drawing cartoons usually to convey public opinion.
  • Reporter : This requires gathering information, taking personal interviews and briefing them to keep the public informed about current affairs.
  • Lead Writer : They get to put their views on current topics via editorial columns.
  • Editor : Their job is to assign reporters to cover news, check the accuracy of pieces of information and write headlines.
  • Proofreader : This job requires finding errors and editing them.
  • Photojournalist : Their job is to tell a story nut visually where their photographs talk louder than no other media can.
Electronic Media :
This field of journalism consists of graphics, film events, corporate communication, advertising and internet.

Career options with Electronic Media

  • Graphic Designer : Their job is to create visual concepts using computer softwares for instance, pamphlets and brochures.
  • Radio Jockey : This job requires one to host a radio talk and selects music, topic of discussion and interacts with the audience.
  • Video Jockey : They introduce videos and live performances on commercial stations such as MTV, VH1, etc.
  • Broadcast Reporter : The job is to conduct travels in order to take interviews, analyse the scenario of the event, write a report of your observations and broadcast the story.
Apart from these once you have completed your BJMC you can look forward to :

  • Marketing Manager
  • Entrepreneurship of photo lab
  • Professor of writing and reporting
Throughout your journey, you may develop certain skills and interests towards the following least known pathways of journalism :

  • Investigative journalism : The job is to conduct the research in depth and write comprehensive reports to expose the subject and provide evidence to support their conclusions.
  • Watchdog journalism : These journalists monitor the activities of large companies and influential figures and report the activities that have negative impacts on the society. This type of journalism helps ensure societal powers remain accountable for their actions.
  • Online journalism : Online journalism reports facts through internet media, such as digital newspapers, blogs or social media.
  • Opinion journalism : Opinion journalism is unique from other types because the writer can include their viewpoint. They report stories from their own perspective, including their own thoughts and biases.
  • Sports journalism : Sports journalists report scores, standings and rankings for different teams or athletes in different sporting events.
  • Trade journalism : Trade journalists process and report on substantial amounts of information regarding market conditions of the trades they cover. It includes industry-specific news for products such as oil, metals and agriculture as well as business sectors, such as travel, finance and healthcare.
  • Entertainment journalism : Entertainment journalists report on the entertainment business, including celebrities, movies, television, books and events. They may cover movie premiers and awards ceremonies as well as news about the entertainment industry.
  • Political journalism : Political journalists often report on the activities of elected officials, political processes and the results of political work. It includes reporting political news and conducting investigative and watchdog reporting to ensure that the public has access to information about political activity.


  • Consider your career path.
  • Decide the medium that suits you.
  • Research the requirements.
  • Choose a specialisation.

SALARY BASELINE Print Journalism -

Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ?6,000 to ?15,000 per month.

Electronic Journalism - Like in any other field the remuneration in this field depends on qualification, experience and area in which one works. One could get an initial pay of ?10,000 to ?25,000 per month.


  • India Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC)* : Application process begins by the end of the month May.
  • Bachelor’s (H) Multimedia and Mass Communication (BMMMC)* : It takes place in the middle of June.
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)* : Takes place in the month of May annually.
*Syllabus for these entrance exams include general knowledge, english, logical reasoning and media related questions.


  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), Delhi.
  • AJK Mass Communication Research Centre Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi.
  • Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Pune.
Meanwhile if you still feel doubtful and stuck in between your decisions, you can go for career counselling. Organisations like consists of India’s one of the finest counsellors who help you identify your interests, personality and your passion and will get you the best career options for you. They work to provide you the guidance for you to be successful and achieve your goals.

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