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Methods Of Career Counseling

Methods of Career Counseling


One to One Counseling

One to One counseling

For a client facing personal difficulties, face to face counseling or one to one counseling is the best option. The client gets complete attention and guidance of the counselor. Since there is no one else to contradict or affect the opinions and thoughts of the client, he/she can share all their doubts and inhibitions clearly with the counselor. Moreover, it is easier to understand each other’s perspectives when the counselor and the client are engaged in a one to one discussion. It is the most effective method of counseling as there is no shortage of time and there is a sufficient amount of time and freedom for the client to elaborate upon all of his/her problems.
People usually tend to think that they can discuss all of their problems with their friends and family in times of distress as they know them the best. As a result, they think twice before seeking the help of a counselor to share their personal life and problems. However, expert guidance is objective in nature and concentrates only on the client’s problem, which might not be the case when sharing his/her thoughts with their friends and family. They might be subjective about their opinions towards you or your problem and may thus, give biased opinions. Getting a solution and direction to solve your problems and achieve your goal is best done by talking to a professional at an individual level.



Group Counseling

Group Counseling

In this type of counseling method, people with similar problems and concerns sit together and try to resolve their own and each other’s problems. They usually meet after certain intervals of time in the presence of a professional therapist or counselor and layout their problems in open for all the group members. All the members listen to each other and try to reach a common ground and decide on a solution and direction to solve all the problems and achieve the desired goal. The members of the group are made to agree to confidentiality as is it very important that all the problems discussed in the session are kept discrete. They have the liberty to talk about their individual experiences with whomever they want to but are not allowed to discuss the concerns of the other people in the group with anyone else.
This type of counseling increases the chances of self-acceptance and meaningful exchange of information. The members of the group also get to analyze various problems faced in life and are therefore sometimes aware of the solution of a problem even before facing it themselves and hence are ready to face it when they actually encounter it. Moreover, with professional guidance, they get to know what is really right for them and what course to adopt in order to fight off a problem.



Classroom Counseling

Classroom Counseling

This type of counseling method is majorly used in schools and colleges. The main objective of this type of counseling is to address the commonly occurred problems and difficulties by a majority of people and give a solution that can be applied for all. It is more of a classroom kind of setup with one counselor or addresser and many students or clients. The students in the group can ask their specific questions during the course of the counseling session and the counselor answers all the queries in the presence of the entire group. The counselor may also tell the students about the current career trends and major job prospects in each stream. The number of participants in this kind of counseling may vary from 50-100 students.
It is advantageous as the common doubts can be taken up at a single time and place. Moreover, there are instances when some questions might not come up in the mind of a student at a particular point. But during a classroom session, those questions might come up in the mind of some other student, hence, all the doubts and queries are eventually taken up.



Seminar

Seminar

This is very similar to classroom counseling. It is usually done in the presence of 100-500 participants. It usually revolves around a particular topic. The discussion is usually pre-planned. The speaker or the professional therapist tries to give as much knowledge as possible on the topic of discussion and tries to resolve all the common doubts and problems revolving around the topic. A question and answer round is generally kept at the end of the discussion wherein the speaker addresses the doubts and concerns of the audience.
Such type of counseling sessions are very detailed and full of all possible information about the topic. These are very helpful for the participants as they get to know about all the problems and difficulties they might face in future and are hence, prepared for it beforehand. In career guidance seminars, the counselor tries to lay out a directional map for all the participants and try to give them a way to achieve their goal. Seeking such valuable information and knowledge from professionals turns out to be very good for the audience.

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